The nexus of conflict itself is basically Hutu versus Hutu, with the most prominent challenger to Nkurunziza being Agathon Rwasa, leader of the FNL (National Liberation Forces), which is a Hutu group that had fought the former Tutsi-dominated government and army.
The CNDD-FDD didn’t sign the Arusha Peace Accords, but did agree to the ceasefire in 2004 and transformed itself into a political party.
Despite the current unrest, Nkurunziza had proved to be a popular president in the past.
Along with the possibility of this situation eventually evolving into a conflict along inter-ethnic, inter-communal fault lines as it was from 1972-2004, it also has profound implications for the Great Lakes Region.
Already there are tensions among neighboring states Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda over the different positions that have taken on Nkurunziza’s third-term bid and the attempted coup against him.
This violent past seemed to have come to an end after the signing of an internationally brokered peace agreement in Arusha, Tanzania, in 2001, a subsequent ceasefire in 2004, and peaceful elections in 2005 that brought Nkurunziza to power.