Finally, they may be useful for patients who are reluctant to spend money on professional treatment.The term "pre-exposure prophylaxis" (Pr EP) generally refers to the use of antiviral drugs to help prevent AIDS. Treatment options include psychotherapy and psychopharmacotherapy (i.e., medications) or a combination of both.There is considerable debate amongst psychiatrists, psychologists, sexologists, and other specialists whether compulsive sexual behavior constitutes an addiction, and therefore its classification and possible diagnosis.
Some argue that applying such concepts to normal behaviors such as sex, can be problematic, and suggest that applying medical models such as addiction to human sexuality can serve to pathologise normal behavior and cause harm Neuroscientists, pharmacologists, molecular biologists, and other researchers in related fields have identified the transcriptional and epigenetic mechanisms of addiction pathophysiology.
Diagnostic models, which use the pharmacological model of addiction (this model associates addiction with drug-related concepts, particularly physical dependence, drug withdrawal, and drug tolerance), do not currently include diagnostic criteria to identify sexual addictions in a clinical setting.
Indeed, some practitioners regard sex addiction as a potentially harmful diagnosis and draw parallels with gay conversion therapy.
As a result, treatment for sex addiction is more often provided by addiction professionals than psychosexual specialists.
However, the ICD categorises these diagnoses as compulsive behaviors or impulse control disorders and not addiction.